The erosion of African Social and Cultural values started with the arrival of Europeans to Africa. As Europe’s missionaries, merchants and mercenaries crept into Africa, the contact impact of Western culture with African civilizations has to the erosion of culture and distortion of previous social ways of life on the continent. Over the past two decades (1998-2019), Western culture has thrived and had more influence over Africa’s cultural and social heritage. The adoption of Western culture has mostly involved the youths, who associate it with high living standards. With each new generation being born, more Africans are becoming westernized and abandoning their culture.
Young Africans are increasingly motivated as many innovations are taking place on the continent. Today, the world is so competitive that young Africans must be able to live up to expectations. The most important reform needed on the continent is the creation of an environment that fosters the development of the skills young people need to have a significant competitive edge on the job market. In this respect, mentor-ship is a fundamental component of youth empowerment in Africa.
In most African countries, young people continue to be the bulk of the population. Incidentally, many African countries are the most affected by youth unemployment. Africa has the youngest population in the world and these young adults are among the most vulnerable. Each African country follows different trajectories. Economic structures, level of institutional and political stability, and youth development policies affect social and economic growth.